All of us love our electronic gadgets, be it our phones, laptops, tablets, etc. In fact, we don’t seem to get enough of it, do we? Well, let’s be honest we spend a good part of our day on our gadgets. Have you ever thought about how safe it is? Have you ever wondered what systems are in place to protect your privacy? Some of you may wonder, why do we need privacy? Good question!
Let’s first understand, what is cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity is the protection of hardware, software, and data from cyber threats. The practice is used by both individuals and enterprises to protect against any unauthorized access to sensitive and confidential information.
Why is it important?
The basic intention of cybersecurity is to protect systems, applications, and most importantly data stored on servers, which can be hacked into by hackers with malicious intent. Data stored by governments, medical and financial institutions can hold tons of data of individuals that can be misused or even deleted.
Organizations in order to protect themselves, employees, and individuals, organizations must implement various cybersecurity tools, provide training, develop a risk management strategy, and continually update their systems as threats continually keep evolving.
Types of cybersecurity threats:
Cybersecurity threats come in many forms, keeping up with them is a very challenging task. However, it’s the need of the hour to protect ourselves from cyber threats which may take the below forms.
Ransomware - They are a type of malware when an attacker breaks through encryption and gets access to the computer files. Attackers generally lock and encrypt them with a password and demand a ransom (a sum of money) to unlock the computer’s files.
Phishing attacks - Phishing attacks are fraudulent emails that are sent from reputable sources, the whole intention behind a phishing attack is to steal confidential information such as login passwords, credit card information etc.
Malware - Malware is a malicious software which any file or program can be used to harm a computer user such as Trojans, worms, and computer viruses.
Social engineering - Social engineering purely rely on human interaction to break security and gain access to sensitive information which would otherwise not be accessible.
While the above are just a few ways of how attackers harm computer users, there are several other complex ways attackers are constantly devising to deceive naive computer users.